Brazil: The 'Happiest' Emerging Nation

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A Big Study And Research   
The reputation of Brazilians as cheerful, happy-go-lucky people is starting to be reflected in the cold reality of statistics. A study has put numbers to that state of well-being by quantifying the significant reduction in social inequality in the last few years, an area in which South America's giant has outdone other emerging nations.
The study, 'Os emergentes dos Emergentes', presented by the Getulio Vargas Foundation's Centre for Social Policies with support from the Inter-American Development Bank, compares Brazil's economic and social performance with that of Russia, India, China and South Africa, the other members of the so-called BRICS group of nations.
Based on data from the Gallup World Poll 2009 on 'the degree of life satisfaction,' the coordinator of the study, Marcelo Neri, compared the 'happiness index' of the BRICS countries, and found that on a scale of 0 to 10, Brazil has a rate of 8.7, South Africa and Russia 5.2, and China and India 4.5.
These emerging countries are home to over half of the world's poor. But according to investment bank Goldman Sachs, by 2050 the combined size of the BRICS economies will exceed that of the Group of 7 richest countries.'We outdo the other countries on this,' Neri said in an interview with IPS. 'But furthermore, Brazil is the only BRICS country that improved its global happiness ranking, moving up from 22nd in 2006 to 17th in 2009.'


Reasons For the Happiness For The Nation Of Brazil
1.since 2003, some 48.7 million Brazilians have pulled out of poverty.
2.Brazil has  won the greatest number of World Cup football championships — Brazil (five), Italy (four) and Germany (three).
3.the expansion of formal sector employment, and government cash transfer programmes like 'Bolsa Familia. which really stabled the Economy of the Country
4.people with monthly incomes between 750 and 3,233 dollars — is now the biggest in Brazil, comprising 55 percent of the country's 191 million people.the researchers describe those in category A as having a minimum monthly income of 4,215 dollars, while the income level in category B is 3,233 to 4,215 dollars, C is 750 to 3,233 dollars, D is 468 to 750 dollars, and E is below 468 dollars.
5.the appearance of 'a new emerging class in an emerging country' is taking place in a context of astonishingly fast reduction in social inequality. Brazil is the BRICS country that, although it has not grown at the same rate as the others, has best redistributed wealth, the statistics show.
6.that household income grew annually at an average of 1.8 percent faster than GDP, while in China household income grew more slowly than GDP by approximately the same proportion, in the 2003-2010 period.Since 2003, for example, the income of the poorest 50 percent of Brazilians grew 68 percent, while the incomes of the wealthiest 10 percent grew just 10 percent.
7. the growth is felt by the unskilled and less-educated who have often served as virtual slave labour as domestics, restaurant or construction workers, or rural labourers — groups that have now begun to join the formal labour market.
8.that supports trade unions, attributes these results to the increases in the minimum wage and, to a lesser extent, to the cash transfer programmes implemented since 2003, when Lula became president.
 .the economist also pointed to a political and historical factor: 'In Brazil, after many years, a period of democracy in politics has finally coincided with a cycle of economic growth, which hadn't occurred since the second half of the 1950s.

Over 22,000 Children Died

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Today, Over 22,000 Children Died Around The World

        1 children dying every minute


  • 15 children dying every minute
  • A 2010 Haiti earthquake occurring almost every 10 days
  • A 2004 Asian Tsunami occurring almost every 10 days
  • An Iraq-scale death toll every 18–43 days
  • Just under 8.1 million children dying every year
  • Some 88 million children dying between 2000 and 2009
  • The silent killers are poverty, hunger, easily preventable diseases and illnesses, and other related causes. Despite the scale of this daily/ongoing catastrophe, it rarely manages to achieve, much less sustain, prime-time, 
  • headline headline coverage


Source For Children Death 
The term “Children” in this context means infants under the age of 5. The tragedy is therefore even worse if older children, adults, and the elderly are to be considered.These mortality figures are from UNICEF. 88 million covers deaths between 2000 and 2009, the latest figures from UNICEF at time of writing.The approximate number of deaths in those 10 years is calculated by averaging the deaths per year for known figures in that range and multiplying by 10 years, which gives a total of 88.1 million deaths.Given the population is increasing, the percent of deaths being reduced over those 10 years as just 0.05%.In a way, this feels like a very small reduction given that many of the illnesses and conditions that children suffer are easily preventable, technically.
The rate of reduction varies by region, with poorer regions having higher child mortality rates, though all regions are seeing a reduction as the years go by Taking a longer term view, since 1960 (when child mortality numbers were first being recorded) the annual number of child deaths has more than halved, from 20 million in 1960 to just 8.1 million in 2009.
Source For Haiti Comparison 
The BBC reports that “Haiti’s government says about 230,000 people died” in the devastating earthquake in January 2010, although later, a minister said there were 217,000 verified deaths.At 22,156 deaths per day, that would be 10.38 – 9.79 days.
Source For Asia Tsunami Comparison
Asian Tsunami in December 2004, notes that approximately 230,000 people died in that disaster.At 22,156 deaths per day, that would be about 10.38 days.
Source For Iraq Comparison
For the Iraq estimate, the John Hopkins study (reported in the Lancet) found 400,000 to 950,000 deaths since the 2003 Iraq invasion (average of some 655,000). 
Dividing 400,000 by 22,156 gives 18, and 950,000 by 22,156 gives 42.9
If Iraq Body Count statistics are to be used, then the number of days in which child deaths match the post 2003 Iraq death toll is just two or three days. The Iraq Body Count statistics are often criticized because they rely on mainstream media reporting, which is heavily censored and managed by the US in Iraq.
Poverty Facts and Stats
More than 80 percent of the world’s population lives in countries where income differentials are widening.The poorest 40 percent of the world’s population accounts for 5 percent of global income. The richest 20 percent accounts for three-quarters of world income.According to UNICEF, 22,000 children die each day due to poverty. And they “die quietly in some of the poorest villages on earth, far removed from the scrutiny and the conscience of the world. Being meek and weak in life makes these dying multitudes even more invisible in death.Around 27-28 percent of all children in developing countries are estimated to be underweight or stunted.Nearly a billion people entered the 21st century unable to read a book or sign their names due to illiteracy.Less than one per cent of what the world spent every year on weapons was needed to put every child into school by the year 2000 and yet it didn’t happen.

Historical FIFA Football

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The History of Footballs Used In All World Cup 
In this post you can see the pictures of all football which was used during the Fifa World cup from 1970 to 2010.
in all world cup different kind of football was used which are in the custody of Fifa which is the World cup football federation.


Telstar: Mexico, 1970
This Football was was used in the world cup which was organized in 1970 Mexico.Adidas started to make soccer balls in 1963 but made the first official FIFA World Cup ball in 1970. The first ball with 32 black and white panels. The TELSTAR (Star of Television) was more visible on black and white televisions (1970 FIFA World Cup Mexico™ was the first to be broadcast live on television).


Telstar Durlast R: West Germany, 1974
This football was used in the world cup of 1974 which was organized in West Germany and The above Telstar ball has the signatures of the famous 11 (Maier, Vogts, Breitner, Schwarzenbeck, Beckenbauer, Bonhof, Hoeneß, Overath, Grabowski, Müller, Hölzenbein) and even the substitute players. The players signed the ball just after they had won the world cup in Germany in 1974.Telstar made a repeat appearance with new black branding replacing the previously gold branding. Adidas introduced a new all-white version named Adidas Chile (after an all-white ball used at Chile 62). The materials and techniques used in the Telstar and Chile were identical to those used four years earlier.


Tango Durlast 1978

This Soccer ball design experienced another revolution in 1978 with the introduction of the Adidas Tango. Adidas had created what would become a ‘football design classic’. Twenty panels with ‘triads’ created the impression of 12 identical circles. For the following five FIFA World Cup tournaments, the Match Ball design was based on this design. Tango featured improved weather resistance qualities, and took its inspiration from the deep passion, emotion and elegance of Argentina.

Tango Espana: Spain, 1982
Adidas introduced a new ball which had rubber inlaid over the seams to prevent water from seeping through. The first ball with water-resistant qualities. General wear from kicking however meant the rubber began to wear after a short time and needed to be replaced during the game. The last genuine leather world cup ball.The range of models was available not only in the basic white color, but also in orangeand yellow.

Azteca: Mexico, 1986
A completely new model was developed for the World Cup in Mexico. The Azteca Mexico was a hand-sewn ball, and for the first time, syntheticmaterial, rather than leather was used to produce it. The ball consisted of an outer polyurethane wearing coat and three lower layers, whichmutually complemented one another with their different "Adicron" structures. These were intended to ensure the ball's resistance, ability toretain its shape and its waterproof properties. With its never-before-achieved performance on hard ground, at high altitude, and in wet conditions, Azteca represented a massive leap forward for the game. Its elaborately decorated design was inspired by the hosting nation’s native Aztec architecture and murals.

Etrvsco Unico -  Italy, 1990
The first ball with an internal layer of black polyurethane foam.This ball was a high-tech product which was manufactured entirely from quality synthetic fibers. The lowest covering consisted of textiles impregnated with latex for form stability and resistance to tearing, the neoprene layer made the ball water-tight and the outer skin made of polyurethane layers was used for abrasion resistance and good rebound properties. The name and intricate design took their inspiration from Italy’s magnificent, ancient history and the contributions and fine art of the Etruscans. Three Etruscan lion heads decorate each of the 20 Tango triads.

Questra: USA, 1994FIFA World Cup USA, 1994, official ball which was enveloped in a layer of polystyrene foam.The ball was manufactured from five different materials with a flexible but durable outer layer made from polyurethane.  Inspired by space technology, high velocity rockets and America’s “quest for the stars”, Questra set new performance standards. This not only made it more waterproof but allowed the ball greater acceleration when kicked. The new game ball felt softer to the touch. Improved ball control and higher velocity during play.
Tricolore : France, 1998
By 1998, FIFA World Cup France was played with a ball which sported the French red-white-blue tri-color. A complete departure from the old traditional black and white pattern.  The first official World Cup soccer ball that was in color. The TRICOLORE used underglass print technology with a thin layer of syntactic foam.The first World Cup ball in color was a revolutionary concept in ball surface design.

Fevernova : Korea Japan, 2002
Adidas's Fevernova soccer ball was the official ball of the Korea Japan, 2002 FIFA world cup.The adidas Fevernova was the first World Cup Match Ball since 1978 to break with the traditional Tango design introduced in 1978.  It is three millimeters thick (11 layers). This includes a special foam layer with tiny gas filled balloons imbedded in a syntactic foam. The foam is based on an abrasion resistant polyurethane made by Bayer called Impranil® polyurethane. The outer cover of the ball consists of a combination of special synthetic polystyrenes (polyurethane) and natural rubber. Embedded within the layers are equal sized, highly elastic, exceptionally resistant gas-filled microcells. The inner lining consists of a tightly woven network of knitted, synthetic Raschel fabric. The spongy layer has high modulus of compression, with a good elastic memory. These layers give the Fevernova TM improved rebound characteristics, which convert foot strike into ball acceleration. The outer layer of the ball is made of a particularly so that the ball can withstand exceptionally tough treatment. All of this combines to give the ball greater durability.The Fevernova TM weighs 435g.

TeamgeistGermany, Berlin and Final Balls 2006 
The adidas +Teamgeist™ Berlin, the Match Ball especially produced for the final game in Berlin on July 9th, was officially unveiled by the President of the Organizing Committee.the ball will still be round, no change there. But it will be a very special game and it is going to be played with a golden match ball that was especially designed for it.The adidas Innovation Team (a.i.t) rigorously tested the new ball for the 2006 FIFA World Cup Germany™, first under the toughest laboratory conditions possible, later also with professional players and clubs on the field of play. Scientific tests were conducted together with the Sports Technology Research Group of the University of Loughborough, one of the leading institutions of its kind worldwide. These tests confirmed that the adidas +Teamgeist™ was more round, precise and consistent than any top competitor’s match ball.

“JABULANI 2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa.
Adidas Jabulani is the official match ball of the 2010 FIFA World Cup™.
Not just the teams have to qualify for the FIFA World Cup™ also the official match ball had to undergo all tests of the FIFA Quality Concept for Footballs. After careful examination the Adidas Jabulani was awarded the FIFA APPROVED seal.
Now we are looking forward to the 2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa™, where adidas Jabulani will play the leading role and can provide many exciting moments in its proven quality.

Khewra Salt Mines

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 The 2nd Largest Salt Mine in The World
Khewra Salt Mines is located at the distance of 160 km from Islamabad and 260 km from Lahore in Pind Dadan Khan District Jhelum. It has easy approach via Lahore to Islamabad Motorway through Lilla Interchange. Discovery of Rock Salt dates back to days of Alexander the great.
Complete History of Mines 
326 BC: It was in 326 BC. when khewra salt mine was discovered by licking of out crop salt by the soldiers of Alexander the Great who fought battle with Raja Pourus.
1500 AD ASP Khan local leader of khewra informed the king akbar the extensive amount of salt deposits in khewra. Initial mining got started. 
1809: Sikhs took over the mines from the mughals and made use of the salt present. 
1849: British government took over the khewra salt mine from the sikhs and continued its rule over it. 
1853: A spring of drinkable water was discovered and conveyed through khewra through a woden tunnel. 
1856: Motorable road was built between khewra and P.D Khan 
1872: Dr. Warth first cheif mining engineer who surveyed the complete mines. He introduced the advanced scientific mining system. He laid out main tunnel at the ground level. 
1886: Railway Bridge ( Victoria) was constructed over the river jhelum between the railway junction Malikwal and khewra.1889-90: Salt production crossed 50,000 metric tonnes. 
1902: Hospital established to provide medical facilities to the miners and workers working in the salt mine. 
1914: Production reached to 80,000 metric tonnes. 
1918: For the very first time two steam engines were used in the mines to extract rock salt.924-25: Power house with two electric diesel generating sets of 500 Hp were installed. 
1932: Chain cutter machines were improved further. 
1933: Automatic laoding plant was installed in the mine. 
1971: Mines were switched over to wapda electricity. 
1974: Mines taken over from P.I.D.C 
1998:Mining tub system switched over to tractor trolley system.2002: Khewra Salt mines tourist resort was established. 
2006: Extraction of salt halted and this is now being used as a torist visiting place.No more mining is done in khewra.

Most Memorable Things of Mines
As part of the development of the mine, the authorities have recently refurbished the tourist section to cater to the growing number of visitors. Besides the adventure of visiting a salt mine on a rail system, newer attractions such as replicas of famous monuments have been created which continue to fascinate tourists everyday.
A Shop Keeper is seeling the following things which are made by the Salt Which is really interesting for the Tourist and they really purchase that salted things from the Shop Keeper the list of the Items are That which are also very beautiful and attractive for the Tourist

1.Hand crafted 2,Salt Lamps 3.Hand crafted 4.candle holder 5.Natural Salt 6.candle holder 7.Tea Light Holder/Ligids Salt crafted animal shapes Salt 8.crafted English names 9.Salt Tiles Natural 10.Salt Lamps Crafted 
11.T Salt Lamps
                          Wonders Inside the Mines
Minar-e-Pakistan which is full of lights of different Colour specially bring up the Pink and Red Colour
Assembly Hall which show the building of Pakistani Parliament
Sheesh Mahal which is also decorated with different lights and Tourist always make lot of pictures there 
Post Office The Post Office has two resident postman on duty inside the salt-walled cabin and one can send post to anywhere in the world via here. This also acts as a primary source of contact between tourists visiting the area or residing in nearby hotels while visiting.
Internet Cafe is also there which is really helpful for the Tourist they can easily Communicate to their own people around the world.
Canteen where every thing is available to Eat and Drink easily and which is also Helpful to the Tourist from all over the World
Mosque which is full of different color and which also really attract to the Tourist



As A Tourist Resort 
Khewra salt mine ahas been converted in to a tourist resort. Thousands of tourists visit Khewra Salt Mines every year generating a revenue of more than 4.2 Million. They are amazed by natures sight and its creation inside the mountain. more than 240,000 visitors, comprising college students, general public, and foreigners visit Salt Mines Khewra every year. The Salt Mines Khewra has developed as a big attraction for the tourist.


  • CREATION OF RECEPTION/BRIEFING HALL: A reception has been created as a reception center for tourists.
  • WALKWAY: The walkway connect to other lacalities in the mine.
  • SOUVENIR SHOP: For the convenience of tourist, a souvenir shop has been established in the reception/briefing hall area where tourists can find model lamps and other articles made of salt.
  • ILLUMINATION: Mines asre illuminated by extra lightining that gives out beauty to the salt present.
  • ELECTRIC TRAIN: Electric train has been made for people who cant walk long distances and are in need of the following facility.
  • REFRESHMENT: Seating arrangements have been made in side the mine. Refreshments have been provided inside the mine, where kiosks have been fitted, having sufficient capacity for tourists to relax and enjoy light refreshments.
  • MINE GUIDE: Trained guides are present that guides people and provide vital information about the salt mine.


Most Beautiful Football Stadium

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Allianz Arena is the Most Beautiful Stadium 
The Allianz Arena is a Football Stadium in the north of Munich, Germany. The two professional Munich football clubs  opened in 2005 and home to both Munich clubs - Bayern and TSV 1860 and TSV 1860 München have played their home games at Allianz Arena since the start of the 2005–06 season.
The large financial services provider, Allianz purchased the rights to name the stadium for 30 years. During the 2006 World Cup it was known as FIFA World Cup Stadium Munich


Stadium Specification
It has a great Specification of full changing colour from out side in the world and no stadium has that kind of specification in this world .
The venue of the stadium is Munich-Fröttmaning.It was constructed in 21 October 2002 and the cost of the construction was 340 Millions  Euro.
Capacity


  • Total: 69,901 capacity undercover (including.Executive boxes and business seats)
  • Total of 66,000 seats
  • Lower Tier: 20,000 seats (with standing : 69,901)
  • Middle Tier: 24,000 seats
  • Upper Tier: 22,000 seats
  • in the North and South Stands: 10,400 standing: a relationship of 1-1.3 Vario-Seats
  • 2,200 business seats and about 400 seats for the press
  • 106 VIP boxes of various sizes accommodating 1,374 guests
  • 165 special seats for the disabled at main entrance/exterior ground level (no change of level)
  • Opening day of the stadium was On May 30, 2005

Thailand's First Female Prime Minister

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Yingluck Shinawatra, Thailand's First Female Prime Minister
BANGKOK — The sister of exiled former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra led Thailand's main opposition party to a landslide victory in elections Sunday, heralding an extraordinary political turnaround five tumultuous years after her fugitive billionaire brother was toppled in an army coup.
The vote paves the way for 44-year-old Yingluck Shinawatra, who has never held office, to become this Southeast Asian kingdom's first female prime minister.
A large mandate to govern could help the new government navigate a way out of out of the crisis that has plagued Thailand since Thaksin's 2006 overthrow. But the question remains whether the nation's elite power brokers, including the monarchy and the army, would accept the result.
Thaksin was barred from politics years ago after a graft conviction, and the U.S.-educated Yingluck, who he calls "my clone," is widely considered her proxy.






The incumbent premier, Abhisit Vejjajiva, conceded defeat Sunday night and said he was ready to become the opposition.
With 94 percent of the vote counted, preliminary results from the Election Commission indicated Yingluck's Pheu Thai party had a strong lead with 261 of 500 parliament seats, well over the majority needed to form a government. Abhisit's Democrats had 162 seats.
Speaking to a throng of cheering supporters at her party headquarters in Bangkok, Yingluck declined to declare victory until final results are released. But she said: "I don't want to say that Pheu Thai wins today. It's a victory of the people."
In an interview broadcast on the Thai PBS television station, Thaksin called the preliminary outcome "a step forward."
"People are tired of a standstill," he said from the desert emirate of Dubai, where he lives in exile to avoid a two-year prison sentence for graft he says is politically motivated. "They want to see change in a peaceful manner."


Facebook To Team Up With Skype

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Facebook To Team Up With Skype For Video Chat, Say Reports

A Breaking New For You 
Mark Zuckerberg's social network giant poised to announce 'awesome' launch this week according to technology blog.


Facebook is reportedly planning this week to team up with Skype to launch a video chat function for its millions of users.
It would mean that Facebook members, already accustomed to posting status updates and photographs, sharing news stories and sending messages via their profiles, would also be able to video chat live with other members.
The news was reported by a respected technology blog, Tech Crunch, in a story written by its editor, Michael Arrington, a well-known figure in social media circles across the world. "Next week, says a source with knowledge of the partnership, Facebook will launch a new video chat product, powered by Skype," Arrington wrote.

Rumours about a tie-up between Facebook and Skype have swirled for several years without a finished product emerging. But this latest round of speculation is given credence by the fact that Facebook's young founder, Mark Zuckerberg, has announced a major news conference for a new product this Wednesday.
Zuckerberg told reporters that the firm would "launch something awesome" that had been developed by the firm's Seattle research engineering office. Predictions that this would involve video chat were also boosted by the fact that press invitations to the event were decorated with a small chat icon with a silhouette of a person in one of them. "Suddenly those chat icons in the invitation have a lot more meaning," Arrington commented.
Another influential tech blog, Mashable, confirmed the story. "While Facebook and Skype aren't saying anything officially, our sources confirm that Skype-powered video chat on Facebook will indeed be launching next week," the website reported.
If true, the move is likely to cement Facebook even further into the lives of its growing number of global users. The company, founded in 2004, is already one of the biggest and most influential in the world, with an estimated 500 million-plus active users.
Through the exploding industry of social media, Facebook's influence is spreading through the media, entertainment and advertising industries. Having a video chat function using Skype would extend its reach even further, potentially encroaching on the mobile telephone sector.
Facebook's success has turned 27-year-old Zuckerberg into one of the richest self-made men in the world, worth billions of dollars. Last year he was the subject of the Hollywood film The Social Network, which was nominated for eight Oscars.